1) Named after the Titans of Greek mythology, titanium is a hard, lustrous, white metal. It is very corrosion resistant and generally not affected by air, water, acids or bases but It burns in Nitrogen. It is the 9th most abundant element in the Earth’s crust, even though it only makes up less than 1% of it by mass. It is also common in meteorites, the Sun and Moon.
picture credit- wiki commons. German chemist, M.H. Klaproth
2) Titanium ore was first discovered in 1791 in Cornish beach sands by an English clergyman, William Gregora, pastor in a village in South Cornwall of the United Kingdom called Manaccan. The actual identification of the oxide was made a few years later by a German chemist, M.H. Klaproth. The original name for titanium was manaccanite. It took 119 years after titanium was first discovered just to isolate it into a pure sample.
credit-NASA. moon filled with titanium ores
3) Earth isn't the only place to find titanium. In 2011, a satellite map of the moon's surface revealed clusters of titanium-rich rock. These rocks often contained up to 10 percent titanium, compared to the 1 percent or so typically seen in Earth rocks.
4)Titanium is commonly used in medical implants and body jewelry because it is non-toxic and easily accepted by the body. It can also “osseointegrate”, which means it can bond with bone tissue.
5) Some 24k gold isn't actually pure gold, but rather, an alloy of gold and titanium. The 1% titanium is not enough to change the karat of the gold, yet it produces a metal that is much more durable than pure gold.
6) Titanium (Ti) is a soft, ductile, silvery gray metal with a Melting point: 3,034.4 degrees Fahrenheit (1,668 degrees Celsius) Boiling point: 5,948.6 F (3,287 C).
7) About 186,000 tonnes of titanium metal sponge were produced in 2011, mostly in China (60,000 t), Japan (56,000 t), Russia (40,000 t), United States (32,000 t) and Kazakhstan (20,700 t). Total reserves of titanium are estimated to exceed 600 million tonnes.
8) Throughout the period of the Cold War, titanium was considered a strategic material by the U.S. government In the 1950s and 1960s, the Soviet Union pioneered the use of titanium in military and submarine applications. Starting in the early 1950s, titanium came into use extensively in military aviation, particularly in high-performance jets, starting with aircraft such as the F-100 Super Sabre and Lockheed A-12 and SR-71.
picture credit-flikr.com , The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao
9) The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao is a museum located in Bilbao, Basque Country, Spain. It is clad in titanium plates, arranged in scales, on a galvanized steel structure. The Museum's exterior skin is made of 33,000 titanium plates, a material that has been used to replace copper or lead because of their toxicity.
10) When compared to steel in a strength-to-weight ratio, titanium is far superior, as it is as strong as steel but 45% lighter. In fact, titanium has the highest strength-to-weight ratio of all known metals.
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